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Wildlife spotted during a Uganda safari

Wildlife spotted during a Uganda safari

What wildlife can be spotted during a Uganda safari?, Uganda  blessed with diverse ecosystems. That support a wide range of wildlife, making it a fantastic destination for safaris. A safari in Uganda is full of discovery where every turn reveals a new marvel of the natural world. Whether you’re tracking Gorillas in the misty Mountains or observing Elephants on the savannah. Each wildlife encounter offers a glimpse into the web of life that thrives in this bio diverse haven. With its unparalleled beauty and abundant wildlife, Uganda beckons adventurers to immerse themselves in the splendor of the wild and create memories that will last a lifetime.

Here are some of the iconic wildlife species you can spot during a Uganda safari:

Mountain Gorillas:

Uganda renowned for its Mountain Gorilla population primarily found in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park. Gorilla trekking experiences offer the opportunity to observe these majestic primates in their natural habitat. Mountain gorillas in Uganda primarily feed on a diverse diet of vegetation. Including leaves, shoots, fruits, bark, and occasionally, insects. Their diet varies depending on seasonal availability and the specific habitat within which they reside.

Gorilla Habituation Experience is yet another activity to do while on a safari. It is the process of gently introducing wild Mountain Gorillas to the sight and presence of humans for research, care and conservation purposes. Spending time with a Gorilla family offers a rare opportunity to observe their social dynamics and behaviors up close. From the playful antics of juveniles to the leadership of silverbacks, each member plays a vital role within the cohesive unit, forging bonds that transcend the boundaries of species.


Uganda is home to significant populations of chimpanzees. Chimpanzees are our closest living relatives and they share 98.7% of our DNA. Uganda is a home to around 5,000 chimpanzees and 1,500 live in Kibale Forest National Park. Other prime locations for tracking includes Budongo Forest Reserve, and Kyambura Gorge in Queen Elizabeth National Park. Venturing into the forest on a chimpanzee trekking expedition is a journey into the heart of the wild. Where each step brings you closer to our closest living relatives. Guided by experienced trackers and armed with nothing but curiosity. Visitors embark on an immersive adventure through tangled undergrowth and towering trees in search of these elusive creatures.

Chimpanzees are omnivorous primates with a varied diet. That includes a wide range of plant-based foods as well as occasional animal protein. Their diet can vary depending on factors such as location, season, and habitat availability.

African Elephants:

Uganda is blessed with a significant population of African elephants, which can be found roaming across various national parks and protected areas. These magnificent creatures inhabit diverse habitats, including savannahs, woodlands, and wetlands, making Uganda a prime destination for elephant enthusiasts and wildlife lovers alike. African elephants are the largest animals walking the Earth. These are very interesting animals in the Pearl of Africa. African Elephants are herbivores consuming large quantities of vegetation to sustain their massive bodies. In Uganda, Elephants feed on a variety of vegetation, including grasses, leaves, bark, fruits, and roots. Their ability to modify their diet according to seasonal changes and habitat availability demonstrates their remarkable adaptability. They can be found in various National Parks and Game Reserves including Murchison Falls National Park, Queen Elizabeth National Park, and Kidepo Valley National Park.


Uganda hosts populations of both savanna and tree-climbing lions. These iconic big cats, with their golden coats and commanding presence, roam the savannahs and woodlands of Uganda’s national parks. Captivating visitors with their raw power and regal beauty. In Uganda, lions prey on a variety of animals including antelope species. Such as Uganda kob, waterbuck, and topi, as well as buffalo, warthogs and occasionally even larger prey like Giraffes and Elephants. Lions are predators, exerting top-down control on the ecosystem by regulating prey populations and influencing habitat dynamics. Lions are highly social animals, living in prides consisting of related females, their offspring, and a coalition of males. Notable locations for lion sightings include Queen Elizabeth National Park, Murchison Falls National Park, and Ishasha sector of Queen Elizabeth National Park.


These solitary and elusive big cats inhabit various habitats across the country, from dense forests to open savannahs, where they reign as the ultimate nocturnal hunters. Leopards are solitary and primarily nocturnal hunters, relying on stealth and ambush to catch their prey. They are highly adaptable and can thrive in a variety of habitats, from dense forests where they climb trees to open grasslands where they stalk their prey under the cover of darkness. Leopards are opportunistic feeders, with a diet that includes small to medium-sized mammals, birds, and occasionally larger prey such as antelope. Leopards can be spotted in several parks such as Queen Elizabeth National Park, Kidepo Valley National Park, and Murchison Falls National Park.


The African buffalo also known as the Cape buffalo holds a unique presence. These are herbivores with their massive horns and sturdy build. Buffaloes are highly social animals, forming herds consisting of females, their offspring, and a dominant male known as the “old bull.” These herds can range in size from a few individuals to several hundred, providing safety in numbers against predators such as lions and hyenas. Buffaloes are known for their aggressive behavior when threatened, making them one of the most dangerous animals to encounter on foot in the African wilderness. Cape buffaloes are commonly sighted in various national parks such as  Murchison Falls National Park, Queen Elizabeth National Park, and Lake Mburo National Park.


While rhinoceros populations in Uganda are limited, Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary provides an opportunity to see these magnificent animals on foot. Historically, Uganda was home to both black and white rhinoceros species. However, by the 1980s, rampant poaching had eradicated rhinos from the country, leading to their complete extinction in the wild. The demand for rhino horn, driven by illegal wildlife trade, fueled the slaughter of these iconic animals, leaving behind a void in Uganda’s ecosystems. Rhinos are herbivores with specialized diets that primarily consist of vegetation, including grasses, leaves, twigs, and occasionally fruits and herbs. The specific diet of rhinos can vary depending on factors such as their species, habitat, and seasonal availability of food.

Ugandan Kob:

This is a medium-sized antelope with a distinctive reddish-brown coat, white underparts, and spiral-shaped horns in males, while females are hornless. Uganda kobs inhabit various habitats, including savannahs, grasslands, and floodplains, where they graze on a diet primarily consisting of grasses and herbs. They are social animals, forming herds composed of females and their offspring, led by a dominant male. This antelope species is abundant in many of Uganda’s savanna parks, such as Murchison Falls National Park and Queen Elizabeth National Park.

Hippos, Crocodiles, and other Aquatic Life:

The hippopotamus  referred to as the “river horse,” is one of Africa’s most iconic aquatic mammals. In Uganda, hippos can be found in various water bodies including lakes, rivers, and wetlands. These herbivores spend much of their time in water to stay cool and avoid the scorching sun.

The crocodile. Uganda is home to both the Nile crocodile and the smaller more elusive slender-snouted crocodiles. These reptiles live beneath the surface, camouflaged by their surroundings, waiting patiently for unsuspecting prey to approach. With powerful jaws and lightning-fast strikes, crocodiles are apex predators of Uganda’s waterways, playing a crucial role in regulating prey populations and maintaining ecosystem balance.

Uganda’s Lakes and Rivers teem with a diverse array of fish species making it a haven for anglers and aquatic enthusiasts. The iconic Nile perch, tilapia, catfish, and cichlids are just a few examples of the fish species that inhabit Uganda’s waters. These fish not only provide sustenance for local communities but also support commercial fisheries and contribute to the country’s economy. Murchison Falls National Park, Queen Elizabeth National Park, and other wetland areas are home to large populations of hippos, crocodiles and various aquatic bird species.

Other animals include:

Civets, Warthogs, Bush Pigs, Water bucks, Zebras, Kudus, Sitatungas, hartebeests, Antelopes, reptiles, African wild dog, Mongoose, Serval, Carnivores, Monitor lizards, Olive baboon, Grey-cheeked mangabey, Blue monkey, Red-tailed monkey, Vervet Monkeys, cheetah, golden monkeys, bat species, squirrels etc.


Uganda is a paradise for birdwatchers, with over 1,000 bird species recorded. Key birding destinations include Queen Elizabeth National Park, Murchison Falls National Park, Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, and Kibale Forest National Park. Bird Species for instance Grey crowned crane, Black-breasted barbet, Shelley’s crimsonwing, Mountain masked apalis, Papyrus yellow warbler, Handsome Spurfowl, Vieillot’s black weaver, Red-throated bee-eater, Green-breasted pitta, Fox’s weaver, Regal sunbird, Black-headed gonolek, White-headed barbet etc.